The role of the manager by definition is to guide human, physical and financial resources into dynamic organizational units, which achieve their objectives to the satisfaction of those served with a high degree of morale and sense of attainment. .
The transition toward high performance work teams results in dramatic changes to the manager's role. The new leader must be able to adapt to change; provide vision, principles, and boundary conditions; align people toward a purpose; set direction and strategy. As teams take on more and more responsibility, the manager's focus shifts from controlling and problem solving to motivating and inspiring.
Managers are in charge of achieving the established goals by organizing the members who are responsible for the planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the activities of the organization.
Managers serve 3 primary roles: .
figurehead, leader, liaison .
The process of management is associated with four main functions:.
The following functions apply to all levels of management listed in the pyramid above.
Planning - Setting goals and defining actions to achieve those goals.
Organizing - the process of determining the tasks, who will do them, and how those tasks will be managed and coordinated.
Leading - Motivating and directing the members of the organization so that they can contribute to the achievement of the goals of the organization. .
Controlling - Monitoring the performance of the organization, identifying deviations between planned and actual results, and taking corrective action when necessary.
THE ORGANIC VIEW OF THE MANAGEMENT PROCESS.