Every country in the developed world has laws. These laws are created and enforced by varying types of governments. Some laws are stricter than others but all are meant to be followed. Children are taught from the day they are born that laws exist to protect them and that they generally are in the interest of their well-being. But what happens when a government's law does the opposite of what it was intended to do? Should a person obey that unjust law, or is there a higher law that the person is obligated to follow? If one were to ask Gandhi he would agree with the latter. Among many other things, Gandhi believed in civil disobedience and passive resistance, as a way of following is power higher than man-made law. His dedication to these philosophies, and his advocating them to his countrymen enabled him to help free India from British control. His unique tactics may seem outlandish but they have been proven effective many times. Mahatma Gandhi's philosophies, if applied to recent conflicts around the world, however, may not always be capable of having a profound effect.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar India. At the young age of thirteen he married a young girl named Kasturbai. After high school he attended college in India but after five months and failing every subject he flunked out. Then upon taking the advice of his uncle, and selling nearly every valuable thing that his family owned he decided to attend law school in London. After graduating law school he was extremely nervous in the courtroom so when he was offered a desk job at a law firm in South Africa he gladly took the position.
When Gandhi arrived in South Africa he found himself being treated as a third class citizen. It was then that he began to fight for Indian immigrant's civil rights in South Africa. During his twenty-year stay in South Africa Gandhi began to develop his philosophy, known to Indians as Satyagraha, or, "Truth and Firmness.