Somalia: A country on the brink of self-destruction

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Somalia, also known as "The Horn of Africa , is located in the most eastern part of Africa and stretches from the Equator to the Red Sea. It is bordered by Ethiopia on the west, Kenya to its southwest, and Djibouti on the northwest. It is bounded by the Gulf of Aden to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east and the south.

Somalia's total area is 246,000 square miles, which is slightly smaller than the size of Texas, and is basically split into four geographical regions. The first area is the northern coastal plain, or The Guban, which has a semiarid terrain. The second area is the northern highlands which consist of rugged mountain ranges that extend from the Guban region. This region contains the country's highest mountain, Surad Ad, which has a peak elevation of 3,200 meters. The third region is the Oga region which extends from the highlands and hosts shallow plateau valleys, wadis, and broken mountains. These plateaus also continue to the Mudug Plain in central Somalia. The fourth and final region is The Somali Plateau, which is largely an agricultural land and contains other plateaus, such as the Haud.

Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, with a population of over 1,20

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