Universidad Nacional Andrés Bello.
Errors and mistakes are part of our daily lives, not only in everyday situations but also in the learning processes such as Second Language Acquisition. In order to improve the learning process it is needed to begin by understanding the reason behind these errors and mistakes, this way, teachers have a richer and greater insight of the student's problems in the learning process and the students with teacher assessment can successfully overcome their errors and mistakes. Just like in our daily lives, facing the problems and obstacles head on is the best way to learn.
Key words: Error, mistakes, analysis, assessment, language system.
For many years we as future EFL teachers have been learning the intricate systems of the English language in order to grasp the language properly and to eventually be able to teach the language we are still learning about. We as students we have learned by making mistakes and by, some way or another, correcting ourselves or being corrected by our teachers.
This is how really important is to learn from our mistakes, we improve as teachers and as students and even in the daily aspects of our life we learn by making mistakes. Error Analysis is one of those tools that help us to greatly improve our second language acquisition if used and assessed properly.
In this paper you will find how Error Analysis works and its purpose in the second language acquisition process. In the end I give some personal insight about how important Error Analysis is for teachers and students.
Error analysis (EA) studies the type and causes of language errors in the process of Second Language Acquisition (SLA). Stephen Pit Corder provides a very simple and useful methodology to analyze errors. According to Corder, any typical EA consists of 5 general steps, not only that but he also provides with a very simple classification of errors that helps to identify and describe errors in a sample of learner language (piece of writing or transcription of audio source) that will be further detailed in the methodological framework.