Sociological Perspectives on the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund of 2001.
On September 22, 2001 following the 9-11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, our legislature drafted and the President signed into law the Airline Stabilization Act which provided 15 billion dollars in funds to the airline industry affected by the attacks. Congress included in this act, a provision called Title IV: The September 11 Victim Compensation Fund ("Fund"). The provision was at first only an outline and was formulated into regulation by the Justice Department and the assigned Special Master Kenneth Feinberg on who would rest the decision for all final rules and regulations of the Fund. The Interim Regulations for the Fund were released December 20, 2001. Many of the provisions and methods of determining rights and amounts of compensation drew profuse, critical and bitter public comments for discriminating against women and minorities. .
The protests prompted a review of the Interim Publication by both the Department of Justice and the Special Master. Among the correspondents who presented relevant and persuasive arguments for review and reform (of the first Document) were the NAACP and NOW both of the Legal Defense and Educational Fund. The most prominent item in dispute was the Funds reliance on gender and race-based data for work-life estimates from the Bureau of labor Statistics to calculate Fund compensation, which would result in lower payments to both women and minorities. This and other potential inequalities, once reviewed and revised, were restated in the Final Rule of Compensation for Victims of September 11, 2001 that took effect on March 13, 2002. .
However, even with these revisions some of the rules and regulations, either in the way they"re calculated or the way they"re carried out, result in under-compensation and sometimes no compensation for certain individuals including women and minorities.