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Gay And Lesbian Adoption

             Gay and Lesbian Adoption has been a major issue in our society. It has become an issue that has been recognized by the government as well as the church. Many gay and lesbian people are choosing to become parents. Some bring children with them from previous relationships or some couples impregnate through artificial insemination. Others are finding adoption to be their preferred method of bringing a child into their family. Since state laws vary on adoption rights, not every gay and lesbian person has the same ability to adopt. Only four states, Vermont, New Jersey, Massachusetts and California permit same sex couple adoption. Some states permit single people to adopt, others discourage it. Because gays are not allowed to marry, it can be hard for gay people to adopt a child in those states. Because Vermont has Civil Unions , both parents have equal rights in adoption cases.
             Currently Florida specifically bans gays and lesbians from adopting. The law dates back to 1977 when Anita Bryant led a statewide campaign to over-turn Dade county's gay rights law. Claiming that gays and lesbians were child-molesters, Bryant was able to convince state senators to vote for a ban on gay adoptions. The law has been challenged several times, but each time, it has not been overturned and remains on the books today. The United States has many children waiting to be adopted. Older children and those with special needs are especially hard to place. Children who fit this category are in foster homes right now with gay and lesbian parents who want to adopt them. It is unfair to the children to deny them permanent secure homes.
             Most children in the United States do not live with two married parents. In fact, according to the 2000 census, only 24% homes were composed of a married mother and father with children living at home. The Florida court argues that children are better off raised in a two-parent heterosexual household.

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