"Animal Farm" uses metaphors to describe the Russian revolution .
All the characters seem to represent some leader, or .
class, or other country involved in the revolution. Orwell tries to illustrate the .
futility of any human system of government and it's eventual fall.
"Animal Farm" begins on a farm in England. The farm is run by a Mr.
Jones, who in the past was a good farmer but has had legal problems and Mr. .
Jones has developed a drinking problem and has been mistreating the animals and .
forgetting to feed them. The oldest pig on the farm, Old Major, calls for a .
meeting of the animals in the in the barn at night, while the farmer is sleeping to .
discuss his life and what he has learned. Old Major tells of how the animals lives .
are short and hard, how they are given just enough to keep alive and working. Old .
Major also speaks of a dream he has had involving a song called " The Beasts of .
England", which is about a rebellion of the animals against man. Old Major says .
that man is the problem in their society because he takes all their produce and .
labor, and then treats them as slaves. This leads to the subject of rebellion and .
how the animals do not need man, and someday, sooner or later, the animals will .
rebel and then lead happy easy lives. Old Major also says the animals must never .
come to resemble man by living in a house sleeping in a bed, wearing clothes, .
drinking alcohol and so forth. .
Three days after the speech Old Major dies. Afterwards the pigs .
compound Major's Principles into a system of philosophy called animalism and .
the animals continue to have meetings after Mr. Jones goes to bed. At these .
meetings the pigs led by Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer can expound .
animalism to the other animals. Some of the animals have a harder time .
accepting animalism than others, such as the horses, which have a hard time .
thinking things out for themselves, but once persuaded are very loyal.