By 1700 the New England and the Chesapeake regions had evolved into two distinct societies, despite the fact that people of English origin had largely settled both of these regions. The emigrants on the ships bound for New England were mainly made up of families. Alternatively, the emigrants on the ships that were bound for Virginia were largely made up of men. Few of these emigrants headed for Virginia were women. In Massachusetts, all people, whether rich or poor, were given a convenient proportion for a house lot and everyone was given a share of the meadow or planting ground. In Virginia, on the other hand, the rich were treated with much greater superiority than the poor. This difference in society occurred due to the fact that the New England region was mainly composed of families and all people were treated with respect, rich or poor. The Chesapeake region was primarily constructed of men and the well-to-do people were treated with much greater respect and supremacy.
Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled .
largely by the people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had .
evolved into two distinct societies. The reasons for this distinct .
development were mostly based on the type on people from England who .
chose to settle in the two areas, and on the manner in which the areas .
were settled. .
New England was a refuge for religious separatists leaving England, .
while people who immigrated to the Chesapeake region had no religious .
motives. As a result, New England formed a much more religious society .
then the Chesapeake region. John Winthrop states that their goal was to .
form "a city upon a hill", which represented a "pure" community, where .
Christianity would be pursued in the most correct manner. Both the .
Pilgrims and the Puritans were very religious people. In both cases, .
the local government was controlled by the same people who controlled .
the church, and the bible was the basis for all laws and regulations.